TRB Category: 

Don Fisher

Professor, Director of Arbella Human Performance Lab

Research and Background

Initiated research in human factors engineering; helped develop human factors program; Helped plan and conduct a study of the medical manpower demands of endogenously depressed patients; Conducted studies of the readability of technical documents and service manuals

Contact Info

Don Fisher
220A Engineering Lab, University of Massachusetts, 160 Governors Drive,
Amherst, Massachusetts 01003


B.A., Bowdoin College, 1971; Ed.M., Harvard University, 1973; Ph.D., The University of Michigan, 1983


Tian, H., Gao, S., Fisher, D. L. and Post, B. (In review). Route choice behavior in a driving simulator with real-time information. Transportation Research C.

Fisher, D.L. (submitted). Cognitive Distraction in the Wild: Next Steps – Addressing a not so Humdrum Conundrum (commentary). Human Factors.

Yamani, Y., Samuel, S., and Fisher, D. L. (submitted). Evaluation of the effectiveness of a multi-skill program for training younger drivers on higher cognitive skills. Applied Ergonomics.

Taylor, T., Roman, L., McFeaters, K., Romoser, M., Borowsky, A., Merritt, D.J., Pollatsek, A., Lee, J.D. and Fisher, D. L. (submitted). Cell phone conversations impede latent hazard anticipation while driving, with partial compensation by self-regulation in more complex driving scenarios. Human Factors.

Borowsky, A., Horrey, W.J., Lian, Y., Garabet, A., Simmons, L. and Fisher, D.L. (accepted). The effects of momentary visual disruption on hazard anticipation and awareness in driving. Traffic Injury Prevention.

McDonald, C.C., Kandadai, V., Loeb, H., Seacrist, T., Lee, Y-C, Bonfiglio, D., Fisher, D. L. and Winston, F.K. (accepted February 2015). Evaluation of a risk awareness perception training program on novice teen driver behavior at left turn intersections. Transportation Research Record.

Samuel, S. and Fisher, D. L. (accepted February 2015). Evaluation of the Minimum Forward Roadway Glance duration critical to Latent Hazard Detection. Transportation Research Record.

Gómez, R., Samuel, S., Romoser, M. R. E., Knodler, M.A., Collura, J., & Fisher, D.L. (accepted February 2014). Mitigation of Pedestrian-Vehicle Conflicts at Stop-Controlled T-Intersections. Transportation Research Record.

Yamani, Y., Horrey, W.J., Liang, Y. and Fisher, D.L. (accepted). Sequential in-vehicle glance distributions: an alternative approach for analyzing glance data. Human Factors.

Amster, B., Marquard, J., Henneman, E., and Fisher, D. (in press). Using an eye tracker during medication administration to identify gaps in nursing students’ contextual knowledge. Nursing Educator, 20.

Samuel, S., Romoser, M. R. E., Roman, L. G., Hamid, M., Gómez, R., Collura, J., Knodler, M. & Fisher, D. L. (in press). Effects of advanced yield markings and symbolic signs on vehicle-pedestrian conflicts: a field evaluation. Transportation Research Record.

Henneman, E. A., Cunningham, H., Fisher, D. L., Plotkin, K., Roche, J. P., Reilly, C., Shen, Y., Nathanson, B. and Henneman, P. L. (2014). Eye-tracking as a debriefing mechanism in the simulated setting improves patient safety practices. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 33, 129-135

Brown, P. J., Marquard, J. L., Amster, B., Romoser, M., Friderici, J., Goff, S. and Fisher, D. L. (2014). What do physicians read (and ignore) in electronic progress notes? Applied Clinical Informatics, 5, 430-444.

Fisher, D.L. and Strayer, D. L. (2014). Modelling situation awareness and crash risk. The Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine, 58, 33-39. Durbin, D.R., McGehee, D.V., Fisher, D.L. and McCartt. (2014). Special considerations in distracted driving with teens. The Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine, 58, 69-83.

Divekar, G., Pradhan, A. K., Masserang, K. M., Pollatsek, A. and Fisher, D. L. (2013). A simulator evaluation of the effects of attention maintenance training on glance distributions of younger novice drivers. Transportation Research F, 20, 154-159.

Marquard, J. L., Jo, J., Henneman, P. L., Fisher, D. L. and Henneman, E. A. (2013). Can visualizations complement quantitative process analysis measures? A case study of nurses identifying patients before administering medications. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 7, 471-478.

Taylor, T., Pradhan, A. K., Divekar, G., Romoser, M., Muttart, J., Gómez, R., Pollatsek, A. and Fisher, D. L. (2013). The view from the road: the contribution of on-road glance-monitoring technologies to understanding driver behavior. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 58, 175-186. doi: 10.1016

Ouimet, M.C., Pradhan, A.K., Simons-Morton, B.G., Divekar, G., Mehranian, H., & Fisher, D.L. (2013). The effect of male teenage passengers on male teenage drivers: findings from a driving simulator study. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 58, 132-139.

Romoser, M. R. E., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D. L., & Williams, C. C. (2013). Comparing the glance patterns of older versus younger experienced drivers: Scanning for hazards while approaching and entering the intersection. Transportation Research Part F, 16, 104-116. PMCID: PMC3494462

Divekar, G., Pradhan, A. K., Pollatsek, A. and Fisher, D. L. (2012). External Distractions: Evaluation of their effect on younger novice and experienced drivers’ behavior and vehicle control. Transportation Research Record, 2321, 15-22.

Henneman, P.L., Marquard, J. L., Fisher, D.L., Bleil, J., Walsh, B., Henneman, J.P., Blank, F.S., Higgins, A.M., Nathanson, B.H. & Henneman, E.A. (2012). Barcode verification reduces but doesn’t eliminate medication and patient identification errors in clinical simulation. Journal of Nursing Administration, 42, 562-566.

Pollatsek, A., Divekar, G. and Fisher, D. L. (2012). A new measure of inattentiveness to the forward roadway. Transportation Research Record, 2321, 31-37.

Romoser, M. R. E., Deschamps, M., Wilson, H., & Fisher, D. L. (2012). Investigating differences between experienced adult drivers and teen drivers using lower cost vehicle data recording technology. Transportation Research Record, 2321, 79-87.

McDonald, C. C., Tanenbaum, J. B., Lee, Y., Fisher, D. L., Mayhew, D. R. and Winston, F. K. (2012). Using crash data to develop simulator scenarios for assessing young novice driver performance. Transportation Research Record, 2321, 73-78. PMCID: PMC3610562

Fisher, D. L. and Garay-Vega, L. (2012). Advance yield markings and drivers’ performance in response to multiple-threat scenarios at mid-block crosswalks. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 44, 35-41. NIHMSID # 406775.

Pollatsek, A.P., Romoser, M. R. E. and Fisher, D. L. (2012). Identifying and remediating failures of selective attention in older drivers. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 3-7. NIHMSID # 406775.

Marquard, J., Henneman, P., Jo, J., He, Z., Fisher, D., & Henneman, E. (2011). Nurses’ behaviors and visual scanning patterns may reduce patient identification errors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 17, 247-56.

Muttart, J. W., Peck, L. R., Guderian, S., Bartlett, W., Ton, L. P., Kauderer, C., Fisher, D. L. and Manning, J. E. (2011). Motorcycle rider glance and stopping behavior at intersections: it’s time to put our foot down. Transportation Research Record, 2265, 81-88. NIHMSID # 406992.

Gómez, R., Samuel, S., Roman Gerardino, L., Romoser, M. R. E. and Fisher, D. L. (2011). Do advance yield markings increase safe driver behaviors at unsignalized, marked midblock crosswalks: A simulator study. Transportation Research Record, 2264, 27-33. NIHMSID # 406994

Divekar, G., Mehranian, H., Romoser, M. R. E., Muttart, J. W., Garder, P., Collura, J. and Fisher, D. L. (2011). Predicting drivers’ route choices when given categorical and numerical information on delays ahead: The effect of age, experience, and prior knowledge. Transportation Research Record, 2248, 104-110. PMCID: PMC3486705Bo

Vlakveld, W., Romoser, M. R. E., Mehranian, H., Diete, F., and Fisher, D. L. (2011). Does the experience of crashes and near crashes in a simulator-based training program enhance novice driver's visual search for latent hazards? Transportation Research Record, 2265, 153-160. NIHMSID # 406998

Pradhan, A.K., Divekar, G, Masserang, K., Romoser, M., Zafian, T., Blomberg, R.D., Thomas, F.D., Reagan, I., Knodler, M., Pollatsek, A. and Fisher, D.L. (2011). The effects of focused attention training (FOCAL) on the duration of novice drivers’ glances inside the vehicle. Ergonomics, 54, 917-931. PMC # 3437545.

Muttart, J. W., Hurwitz, D. S., Pradhan, A., Fisher, D. L. and Knodler, M. A. (2011) Developing an adaptive warning system for backing crashes in different types of backing scenarios. Journal of Transportation Safety and Security, 3, 38-58.

Schweickert, R., Goldstein, W., and Fisher, D. L. (2010). Additive factors and stages of mental processes. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 54, 405-414.

Rothenberg, H. Knodler, M. A. and D. Fisher. (2010). An analysis of motorcycle crash causation. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 16, 79-84.

Chan, E., Pradhan, A. K., Knodler, M. A, Pollatsek, A. and Fisher, D. L. (2010). Are driving simulators effective tools for evaluating novice drivers’ hazard anticipation, speed management, and attention maintenance skills? Transportation Research F, 13, 343–353. PMC # 2923851.

Henneman, P.L., Fisher, D.L., Henneman, E.A., Pham, T.A., Campbell, M.M., and Nathanson, B.H. (2010). Patient identification errors are common in a simulated setting. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 55, 503-509.

Garay-Vega, L., Pradhan, A.K., Weinberg, G., Schmidt-Nielsen, B., Harsham. B., Shen, Y., Divekar, G., Romoser, M., Knodler, M., Fisher, D. L. (2010). Evaluation of different voice and touch interfaces to in-vehicle music retrieval systems. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 42, 913–920. PMC # 2854676.

Hurwitz, D.S., Pradhan, A. K., Fisher, D.L., Knodler, M.A., Menon, R., and Meissner, U. (2010). Backing collisions: a study of drivers’ eye and backing behavior using combined rear view camera and sensor systems. Injury Prevention, 16, 79-84.

Henneman, E. A., Roche, J., Fisher, D. L., Cunningham, H., Reilly, C. A., Nathanson, B., and Henneman, P. L. (2010). Error identification and recovery by student nurses using human patient simulation: Opportunity to improve patient safety. Applied Nursing Research, 23, 11–21.

Romoser, M. and Fisher, D. L. (2009) The effect of active versus passive training strategies on improving older drivers’ scanning for hazards while negotiating intersections. Human Factors, 51, 652-668. PMC # 2897097

Pradhan, A. K., Pollatsek, A., Knodler, M. and Fisher, D. L. (2009). Can younger drivers be trained to scan for information that will reduce their risk in roadway traffic scenarios that are hard to identify as hazardous? Ergonomics, 52, 657-673. PMC # 2707454.

Henneman, P. L., Fisher, D. L., Henneman, E. A., Pham, T. A., Mei, Y. Y., Talati, R., Nathanson, B. H. and Roche, J. (2008). Providers Do Not Verify Patient Identity During Computer Order Entry. Academic Emergency Medicine, 15, 641 - 648.

Knodler, M. A. Jr., Noyce, D. A., and Fisher, D. L. (2007). Evaluating the impact of two allowable permissive left-turn indications. Transportation Research Record, 2018,53-62.

Muttart, J., Fisher, D. L., Knodler, M. and Pollatsek, A. (2007). Driving Simulator Evaluation of Driver Performance during Hands-Free Cell Phone Operation in a Work Zone: Driving without a Clue. Transportation Research Record, 2018, 9-14.

Fisher, D. L., Pradhan, A. K., Pollatsek, A. and Knodler, M. A. Jr. (2007). Empirical evaluation of hazard anticipation behaviors in the field and on a driving simulator using an eye tracker. Transportation Research Record, 2018, 80-86.

Garay Vega, L., Fisher, D. L. and Pollatsek, A. (2007). Hazard Anticipation of Novice and experienced drivers: empirical evaluation on a driving simulator in daytime and nighttime conditions. Transportation Research Record, 2009, 1-7.

Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D. L. and Pradhan, A. K. (2006). Identifying and Remediating Failures of Selective Attention in Younger Drivers. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 255-259.

Pradhan, A. K., Fisher, D. L. and Pollatsek, A. (2006). Risk Perception Training for Novice Drivers: Evaluating Duration of Effects on a Driving Simulator. Transportation Research Record, 1969, 58-64.

Fisher, D. L., Pollatsek, A. and Pradhan, A. (2006). Can novice drivers be trained to scan for information that will reduce their likelihood of a crash? Injury Prevention, Volume 12, Supplement 1, i25-i29.

Pollatsek, A., Narayanan, V., Pradhan, A., and Fisher, D. L. (2006). The Use of Eye Movements to Evaluate the Effect of PC-Based Risk Awareness Training on an Advanced Driving Simulator. Human Factors, 48, 447-464.

Upchurch, J., Fisher, D. L., Waraich, B. (2005). Guide Signing for Two-Lane Exits with an Option Lane: A Human Factors Evaluation. Transportation Research Record: Traffic Control Devices, Visibility, and Rail-Highway Grade Crossings, 1918, 35-45.

Pradhan, A. K., Hammel, K. R., DeRamus, R., Pollatsek, A., Noyce, D. A. and Fisher, D. L (2005). The Use of Eye Movements to Evaluate the Effects of Driver Age on Risk Perception in an Advanced Driving Simulator. Human Factors, 47, 840-852.

Dutta, A., Fisher, D. L., and Noyce, D. A. (2005). Use of a Driving Simulator to Evaluate and Optimize Factors Affecting Understandability of Variable Message Signs. Transportation Research F, 7,209-227.

Fisher, D. L., Upchurch, J., Pradhan, A., Mehranian, H., Romoser, M. (2004). Signing Two-Lane Freeway Exits with an Option Through Lane in Extreme Conditions: Anatomy of Drivers’ Behavior. Transportation Research Record, 1899, 35-43.

Laurie, N. L., Zhang, S., Mundoli, R., Duffy, S. A., Collura, J. and Fisher, D. L. (2004). Evaluation of alternative DO NOT ENTER signs: Failures of attention. Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour, 7,151-166.

Schweickert, R., Fisher, D. L., Proctor, R. (2003). Steps towards building mathematical and computer models from cognitive task analysis. Human Factors, 45, 77-103.

Poli, C., Fisher, D. L., Pollatsek, A., and Woolf, B.P. (2003). Design for Stamping: Isolating Pedagogically Effective Components in Multimedia Tutors and the Classroom. Journal of Engineering Education, 92,227-237.

Dutta, A., Carpenter, R., Noyce, D. A., Duffy, S. A., Fisher, D. L. (2002). Drivers' Understanding of Overhead Freeway Exit Guide Signs: Evaluation of Alternatives Using an Advanced Fixed Base Driving Simulator. Transportation Research Record: Human Performance Models, Intelligent Vehicle Initiative, Traveler Advisory and Information Systems (Safety and Human Performance), No. 1803, pp. 102-109.

Fisher, D. L., Laurie, N. E., Glaser, R., Connerney, K., Pollatsek, A., Duffy, S. A. and Brock, J. (2002). The use of an advanced driving simulator to evaluate the effects of training and experience on drivers’ behavior in risky traffic scenarios. Human Factors, 44, pp. 287-302.

Holton, A. E., Fisher, D. L. and Collura, J. (2002). Advanced parking management systems: Drivers' parking decision strategies. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 128 (1), 49-57.

Katsikopoulos, K., Duse-Anthony, Y., Fisher, D. L. and Duffy, S. A. (2002). Risk attitude reversals in drivers' route choice when range of travel time information is provided. Human Factors, 44, pp. 466-473.

Kichhanagari, R., DeRamus Motley, R., Duffy, S. A., and Fisher, D. L. (2002). Airport terminal signs: Use of advance guide signs to speed search time. Transportation Research Record: Aviation, Airport and Air Traffic Economic and Operational Issues (Aviation), No. 1788, pp. 26-32.

Upchurch, J., Fisher, D. L., Carpenter, C., Dutta, A. (2002) Freeway Guide Sign Design with Driving Simulator for Central Artery-Tunnel: Boston, Massachusetts. Transportation Research Record: Traffic Control Devices, Visibility, and Rail-Highway Grade Crossings (Highway Operations, Capacity, and Traffic Control), No. 1801, pp. 9-17.

Katsikopoulos, K. and Fisher, D. L. (2001). Formal requirements of Markov state models for paired associate learning. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 45, 2, 324 – 333.

Katsikopoulos, K., Fisher, D. L. and Duffy, S. A. (2001). Experimental evaluation of policies for sequencing the presentation of associations. IEEE: Systems, Man & Cybernetics: Part A: Systems and Humans, 31, 55-59.

Katsikopoulos, K. V., Duse-Anthony, Y., Fisher, D. L. and Duffy, S. A. (2000). The framing of drivers’ route choices when travel time information is provided under varying degrees of cognitive load. Human Factors, 42, 470-481.

Gorman, M. and Fisher, D. L (1998). Visual Search: The slowing of strategic and nonstrategic processes. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 53B, P189-P200.

Laurie, N. E., Andres, R. O. and Fisher, D. L. (1998). The role of instruction sets in operator satisfaction while using a voice activated dialing system. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 23, 307-312.

Reichle, E. D., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D. L. and Rayner, K. (1998). Towards a model of eye movement control in reading. Psychological Review, 105, 125-157. Wallace, J. S. and Fisher, D. L. (1998). Sound localization: Theory and practice. Human Factors, 40, 50-68.

Wood, D. D., Fisher, D. L., and Andres, R. O. (1997). Minimizing fatigue during repetitive jobs: Optimizing work-rest schedules. Human Factors, 39, 83-101.

Fisher, D. L. and Glaser, R. (1996). Molar and latent models of cognitive slowing: Implications for aging, dementia, depression, development and intelligence. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 3, 458-480.

Fisher, D. L., Wisher. R. A. and Ranney, T. (1996). Static and dynamic training strategies: A framework for optimizing training strategies. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 40, 30-47.

Fisk, A. D. and Fisher, D. L. (1994). Brinley plots and theories of aging: The explicit, implicit and muddled debates. Journal of Gerontology, 49, P81-P89.

Fisher, D. L., Andres, R. O., Airth, D. and Smith, S. S. (1993). Repetitive Motion Disorders: The Design of Optimal Rate-Rest Profiles. Human Factors, 35, 283-304.

Fisher, D. L. (1993). Optimal performance engineering. Human Factors, 35, 115-140.

Fisher, D. L. and Tanner, N. (1992). Optimal symbol set selection: An automated procedure. Human Factors, 34, 79-92.

Fisk, A. D., Fisher, D. L. and Rogers, W. A. (1992). General slowing alone cannot explain age-related search effects: A reply to Cerella. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 121, 73-78.

Goldstein, W. M. and Fisher, D. L. (1992). Stochastic networks as models of cognition: Deriving predictions for resource constrained mental processing. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 36, 129-145.

Goldstein, W. M. and Fisher, D. L. (1991). Stochastic networks as models of cognition: Derivation of response time distributions using the Order-of-Processing method. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 35(2), 214-241.

Fisher, D. L., Yungkurth, E. and Moss, S. (1990). Optimal menu hierarchy design: Syntax and Semantics. Human Factors, 32(6), 665-683.

Fisher, D. L., Coury, B. G., Tengs, T. O. and Duffy, S. A. (1989). Optimizing the highlighting in visual displays. Human Factors, 31, 167-182.

Fisher, D. L. and Tan, K. (1989). Highlighting in visual displays: The highlighting paradox. Human Factors, 31, 17-30.

Fisher, D. L., Duffy, S. A., Young, C. and Pollatsek, A. (1988). Automatic detection in visual search: Masking, decision noise and load effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 14, 253-266.

Rayner, K. and Fisher, D. L. (1987). Letter processing during eye fixations in visual search. Perception and Psychophysics, 42, 87-100.

Fisher, D. L., Saisi, D. and Goldstein, W. M. (1985). Stochastic PERT networks: OP diagrams, critical paths and the expected completion time. Computers and Operations Research, 12, 471-482.

Fisher, D. L. (1984). Central capacity limits in consistent mapping visual search tasks: Four channels or more? Cognitive Psychology, 16, 449-484.

Fisher, D. L. and Goldstein, W. M. (1983). Stochastic PERT networks as models of cognition: Derivation of the mean, variance and distribution of reaction time using Order-of-Processing (OP) diagrams. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 27, 121-151.

Fisher, D. L. and Knesper, D. K. (1983). Markov models and the utilization of mental health services. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 17, 21-31.

Fisher, D. L. (1982). Limited channel models of automatic detection: Capacity and scanning in visual search. Psychological Review, 89, 662-692.

Fisher, D. L. (1981). A three factor model of syllogistic reasoning. Memory and Cognition, 9, 496-514.

Fisher, D. L. (1981). Functional literacy tests: A model of question-answering and an analysis of errors. Reading Research Quarterly, 16, 418-448.

Curriculum Vitae

Full Curriculum Vitae